Whether it’s a global holiday or a contagious pandemic, the maritime industry never stops working to deliver daily life and convenience to every corner of the world.
As the year draws to a close, let’s look back at the series of events the maritime industry has experienced and look ahead to what’s to come.
⟩⟩ Suez Canal obstruction – March 23
The Suez Canal is considered to be the shortest link between the east and the west. About 12% of global trade, 1 million barrels of oil, and roughly 8% of liquefied natural gas pass through the canal each day.
On Mar 23, 2021, Ever Given, a 400 meters long, 224,000-ton vessel, ran aground after 40-knot winds and a sandstorm caused low visibility and poor navigation. This led to 6 days of blockage at the Suez Canal.
⟩⟩ Worst marine ecological disaster in Sri Lankan history – May 20
On 20 May 2021, X-Press Pearl caught fire off the coast of Colombo, Sri Lanka. The vessel was engulfed in flames by 27 May and declared a total loss. After burning for 12 days, the vessel sank on 2 June as it was being towed away to deeper waters. The incident was deemed the worst marine ecological disaster in Sri Lankan history for the chemical products that spilled.
⟩⟩ Annual Seafarer Day – June 25
There is no normal life without shipping, but even more importantly, there is no shipping without seafarers.
COVID-19 pandemic has brought seafarers difficult working conditions surrounding uncertainties and difficulties around port access, re-supply, crew changeovers, repatriation, etc. In light of this, IMO focused the annual seafarer campaign on urging governments to recognize seafarers as key workers and ease travel restrictions for them to facilitate crew changes.
⟩⟩ Global container freight rate hit record high – Sep 21
After 22 consecutive weeks of increases, The Freightos Baltic Index (FBX) reached its all-time peak during the midst of September this year. According to UNCTAD’s annual Review of Maritime Transportation, this upwards trend seems to continue. Reuters estimates increased transportation costs to stay up until 2023.
⟩⟩ The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) – Oct 31
The Paris Agreement aimed to reduce global warming to well below 2°C and pursue 1.5°C. But, the world is still heading for a temperature rise in excess of 3°C this century. Maritime transport accounts for 2.9% of all human-made emissions in 2018. Under a business-as-usual scenario, that figure could double by 2050. Shipping is expected to change its fuel mix and use new technology and ship designs, alternative fuels and operational adjustments to cut its carbon and environmental footprint.
In the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26), 22 governments joined industry leaders to create the Clydebank Declaration, committing to creating at least 6 zero-carbon corridors along major shipping routes by the middle of the decade.
⟩⟩ Container congestion at US ports – November
The Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach handles 40 percent of the country’s containerized imports. As of November 2, 2021, the Port of Los Angeles reported that it had 93 vessels waiting in queue. Altogether, these ships have a maximum carrying capacity of roughly 540,000 containers.
In October, Biden administration announced a deal to enable 24/7 operations at the Port of Los Angeles. The port also announced it will begin charging carriers for every container that sits idle over a grace period.
Tech in Review
The maritime industry has undergone a profound change since COVID-19 broke out. Customs officials, port workers, and transport operators increasingly recognize the value of new technologies and digitalization, not just as a way of boosting efficiency but also for maintaining business continuity at times of disruption. A recent report done by Thetius and Inmarsat Maritime has revealed that the pandemic has accelerated digital transformation by 3 years ahead of previous estimates.
Fleet in Review
In 2020, the global commercial shipping fleet grew by 3%, reaching 99,800 ships of 100 gross tons and above. During 2020, delivery of ships declined by 12%, partly due to lockdown induced labour shortages that disrupted marine-industrial activity.
Early 2021, shipping companies reacted to the capacity constraints with a surge of new orders, especially for container ships for which orders were the highest for the last two decades. There were also more orders for LNG carriers.
Safety in Review
Shipping losses remained at a historic low in 2020, with 49 large ships lost. Total losses down 50% over 10 years. The number of shipping incidents (2,703) declines year on year. However, the number of losses involving cargo and passenger vessels increased year on year. Analysis shows cargo vessels account for 40% of total losses over the past decade (348).
People in review
Lloyd’s List unveils the 12th edition of its Top 100 most influential people in shipping. This year’s editorial assessment of influence rested on the supply chain and the zero-carbon transformation. Those at the top of its rankings not only demonstrates the scale but also the will and desire to bring wholesale changes to an industry requiring direction and leadership at this pivotal juncture.
This article is shared by courtesy of Kaiko. Kaiko Systems prevents merchant ship incidents while optimizing operational efficiency through advanced data analysis and intelligent decision support.